Eritrea is located at the highest landmass of the African continent. As a result the highlands of Eritrea
have ameliorating climate conditions. Resulting from these climatic conditions at higher altitudes we find
vegetative cover and fertile soils which are suitable for agricultural purposes.
Eritrea has a variety of climatic conditions. Asmara at 2,350 meters (7,700 feet) has
a pleasant climate all year (average temperature of 16° Celsius (60° Fahrenheit)) and receives
508 mm (20 inches) of rainfall annually. The eastern coastal areas receive
the unpredictable, "little rains" (belg) during October to March,
while the other areas get "main rains" (kiremti) from June to
Eritrea: Three Seasons in two hours.
In the highlands, further inland, with an elevation between 1,800 and 2,100 meters
(5,900 and 6,900 feet) the hottest month is usually May (around 30°) and in winter (December to
February) temperatures are near freezing point at night.
At sea level along the coast (Massawa, Assab), the period from June to September is very hot
(40-50°). In the period December to February (rainy season) the temperature varies from 20 to
35°. Massawa at sea level has an average annual temperature of 30° Celsius (86°
Fahrenheit) and an annual precipitation of 205 mm (80 inches).
In the western lowlands (Agordat, Barentu), the temperatures and the rainy seasons are comparable to
those on the coast.