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Map of Eritrea
Location and geography
Eritrean history
Border conflict with Ethiopia
Political structure
Eritrean anthem
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Asmara (Asmera)
Agordat (Akordat)
Assab (Asseb)
Barentu
Dahlak islands
Dekemhare (Decemhare)
Ghinda (Ginda)
Keren (Cheren)
Massawa (Massauwa)
Mendefera (Adi Ugri)
Nakfa (Nacfa)
Semenawi Bahri (Filfil)
Tessenei (Teseney)

   

 

Political structure in Eritrea

 

Head of state: President Isaias Afwerki
Head of government: President Isaias Afwerki

 

President Isaias Afwerki.

 

President Isaias Afwerki and his cabinet of 16 ministers, regional governors and other officials form the 24-member State Council, the executive branch of the Eritrean government, chaired by the president.

An unicameral 150-member National Assembly which comprises 75 Central Committee members of the ruling PFDJ, together with 75 others (representatives elected by the general population, of whom at least 11 must be women, and 15 members representing Eritreans living abroad) form the legislative branch of the democratic government of Eritrea.

The National Assembly establishes the domestic and foreign policies of the government, regulates the State Council's execution of these policies and approves the country's budget. The National Assembly elects the president directly.

The judiciary consists of courts at national (Supreme Court), regional (10 provincial courts), and village levels (29 district courts). Special Sharia courts subjugate to the Muslim population, following Islamic Sharia law in family cases.

Following the referendum in April 1993, the country's first elections since independence from Ethiopia took place in 1994, when the PFDJ (People's Front for Democracy and Justice) won 284 of the 303 declared results (At its third congress in February 1994 the EPLF changed its name to The People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ).

On May 23rd 1997, a 527-member Constituent Assembly comprised of the 150 members of the provisional National Assembly, the elected representatives of the six Regional Assemblies and representatives from the Diaspora ratified Eritrea's first internally generated national constitution.

The Eritrean Government has a strong commitment to the development of a private sector-led market economy, and has adopted a zero tolerance policy towards corruption.

The announcement of elections in December 2001 is another important milepost in the Eritrean history as an independent nation.

 

State of Eritrea

The camel has been adopted as the national
 emblem for its instrumental role in transporting
 supplies during the 1961-91 war of independence.

 

Eritrean flag 2006

 

The official flag of the State of Eritrea (Hagere Ertra) is basically a continuation of the flag that was used by the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF), during the 1961-91 struggle for liberation.. This flag composed as a red triangle with its base at hoist, with a yellow star in the center, inspired by the Marxist revolutionary character of the EPLF movement. The green (top) and light bleu areas correspond to the 1952-62 flag when Eritrea was an autonomous region within the Ethiopian Federation. But the colors can just as well be associated with agriculture and the sea.

In the post 1991 flag (adopted in December 1995) the yellow star is replaced by two olive branches forming an yellow wreath with another olive branch rising from the base of the wreath. This wreath, a UN symbol, but also a peace symbol, is likely to be the same wreath used in the 1952-62 flag. In the post 1991 flag green symbolizes the agricultural and livestock economy of the country, The red symbolizes the blood of the martyrs of the 30 year struggle for liberation, blue for the Red Sea and Eritrea's maritime resources, and yellow the mineral wealth of Eritrea.

The Eritrean national flag is subjected to a great respect. During the hoisting of the flag, car drivers must park and get out of their vehicle, whereas pedestrians must stop.

  

Eritrea - Government offices
Name Address Phone Fax
His Excellency Issayas Afewerki
President of the State of Eritrea
Office of the President
P.O. Box 257 Asmara    125 123
       
Ministry of Agriculture P.O. Box 1048 Asmara 181 499 / 181 077 181 415
Ministry of Defense P.O. Box   629 Asmara 202 874 / 202 196 124 990
Ministry of Education P.O. Box 1056 Asmara 116 644 / 127 817 118 351 / 121 913
Ministry of Energy and Mining P.O. Box 5285 Asmara 116 872 / 127 944 127 652
Ministry of Fisheries P.O. Box   923 Asmara 114 271 / 552 010 122 185
Ministry of Finance P.O. Box   895 Asmara 118 131 / 127 755 / 127 757 127 947
Ministry of Foreign Affairs P.O. Box   190 Asmara 127108 / 127 838 / 115 166 123 788
Ministry of Health P.O. Box   212 Asmara 202 917 / 120 297 122 899
Ministry of Information P.O. Box   242 Asmara 117 111 / 201 820 / 127 748 124 847
Ministry of Justice P.O. Box   241 Asmara 117 603 / 127 739 / 127 740 126 985
Ministry of Land, Water and Environment P.O. Box     76 Asmara 118 021 123 285
Ministry of Labor and Human Welfare P.O. Box 5252 Asmara 151 986 / 151 846 182 760
Ministry of Local Government P.O. Box   225 Asmara 126 734 / 116 247 / 127 734 126 930
Ministry of National Development P.O. Box   257 Asmara 120 905 / 124 964 / 121 122 126 422
Ministry of Public Works P.O. Box   841 Asmara 202 763 / 122 477 120 661
Ministry of Tourism P.O. Box 1010 Asmara 120 073 / 126 997 126 949
Ministry of Trade and Industry P.O. Box 1844 Asmara 120 080 / 117 944 120 586
Ministry of Transport and Communications P.O. Box   569 Asmara 123 681 / 114 093 / 120 555 127 048
 
People's Front for Democracy and Justice P.O. Box 4888 Asmara 126177 / 125009 126 101

 

 
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